Road Name: Albert Victor Road named after Albert Victor Christian Edward (8th January 1864 – 14th January 1892)
Road Location: Near K.R. Market
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (Albert Victor Christian Edward), was the eldest son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), and the grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. From the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the British throne, but never became king: he died before his father and his grandmother, the Queen. Some authors have argued that he was the serial killer known as Jack the Ripper, but contemporary documents show that Albert Victor could not have been in London at the time of the murders, and the claim is widely dismissed.
Early Life – Albert Victor was born two months prematurely on 8 January 1864 at Frogmore House, Berkshire. He was the first child of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, and Alexandra, Princess of Wales. Following his grandmother Queen Victoria’s wishes, he was named Albert Victor, after herself and her late husband Albert. As a grandchild of the reigning British monarch in the male line, he was formally styled His Royal Highness Prince Albert Victor of Wales from birth. He was christened Albert Victor Christian Edward in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 10 March 1864 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Longley, but was known informally as “Eddy”.
Education – When Albert Victor was about seventeen months old, his brother, Prince George, was born. Given the closeness in age of the two brothers, they were educated together. In 1871, the Queen appointed John Neale Dalton as their tutor. The two princes were given a strict programme of study, which included games and military drills as well as academic subjects. Dalton complained that Victor’s mind was “abnormally dormant”. His progress in languages and subjects was slow. Victor never excelled intellectually. Possible physical explanations for his inattention in class include absence seizures or his premature birth, which can be associated with learning difficulties. The brothers were parted in 1883; George enrolled in the navy and Albert Victor attended Trinity College, Cambridge. At Bachelor’s Cottage, Albert Victor was expected to cram before arriving at university in the company of Dalton and a newly chosen tutor James Kenneth Stephen. Stephen was initially optimistic about tutoring the prince, but by the time the party were to move to Cambridge had concluded, “I do not think he can possibly derive much benefit from attending lectures at Cambridge … He hardly knows the meaning of the words to read”.
Tour of India – The foreign press suggested that Albert Victor was sent on a seven month tour of British India from October 1889.Travelling via Athens, Port Said, Cairo and Aden, Albert Victor arrived in Bombay on 9 November 1889. He spent Christmas at Mandalay and the New Year at Calcutta. In the style of the time, a great many animals were shot for sport. On his return from India, Albert Victor was created Duke of Clarence and Avondale in May 1890.
Contributions – During his tour, the royal party also visited Bangalore. The Prince laid the foundation-stone of a permanent building for horticultural shows in Lalbagh gardens. The Glass House at Lalbagh was built to commemorate Victor’s visit to Bangalore. He was given a reception by Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar. In his honour, the road from the present K R Circle up to the Hardinge Circle was named as ‘Albert Victor Road’. Also, a road in Chamarajapet was christened in his name. The Prince also laid the foundation stone for the Maharaja’s College building in the Gordon Park.