J.C Road

Road Name: J.C. Road named after Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar (18th July 1919 – 23rd September 1974)

Road Location: J.C Road is located in Kalasipalyam area of the city. It is connected to Kasturba Road to the north. The road houses many important landmarks of the city such as the BBMP Head Office, Bangalore Town Hall and Ravindra Kalakshetra. It also lies in close proximity to the famous Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens.

Summary:

The Wodeyar dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Mysuru from 1399 to 1947, the last king being Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar. Jayachamaraja Wodeyar, popularly known as Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur was the 25th ruler or Maharaja of the princely state of Mysore. He was the last Maharaja who ruled the territory from the year 1940 to 1950. The Maharaja successfully completed his graduation in 1938 from the Maharajas College in Mysore. He was honoured with 5 awards and gold medals. Jayachamaraja was also a renowned philanthropist, political theorist, musicologist and a reputed philosopher.

Detailed Description:

Jaya Chamarajendra Wadiyar was the only son of Yuvaraja Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wadiyar and Yuvarani Kempu Cheluvajamanni. Wadiyar dynasty is the only Royal family from Mysore. Jayachamaraja Wadiyar wrote several literary works such as, The Quest for Peace: An Indian Approach, The Way and The Goal, The Gita and Indian Culture, Religion and Man etc. Jayachamaraja also funded the translation of various classics from Sanskrit to Kannada which were included in the Jayachamaraja Grantha Ratna Mala. The thing that inspired the king to get into composing was a confluence of several qualities in him were his incomparable devotion, his special love for Sanskrit, knowledge of Tantra Shastra, Mantra Shastra, a keen interest in subjects of Vedanta, extensive competency in music, and an attitude of service without recompense.

He signed the Instrument of Accession with the Dominion of India on the eve of India attaining Independence in August 1947. The princely state of Mysore was merged with the Republic of India on 26 January 1950. He held the position of Rajpramukh of the State of Mysore from 26 January 1950 to 1 November 1956. After the integration of the neighbouring Kannada-majority parts of the States of Madras and Hyderabad, he became the first Governor of the reorganized or unified State of Mysore from 1 November 1956 to 4 May 1964 and was also the Governor of the State of Madras from 4 May 1964 to 28 June 1966. Jayachamaraja Wodeyar, is said to have composed 94 kritis in Sanskrit based on the style of Muthuswami Dikshitar.

While not on specific shrines, some songs have references to Kanchipuram, Tiruvannamalai, Madurai, Shringeri, Gajaranyam, and so on. All his kritis incorporate several doctrines from Sri Vidya, Sri Chakra, and Mantra Shastra. The maharaja used the phrase “Sri Vidya” as his vaggeyakara mudra in most of his compositions. He has composed all his kritis in Sanskrit. The lyrics or text of his compositions are in praise of Hindu deities and do not address social issues or reforms. He held the position of Rajpramukh of the State of Mysore from 26 January 1950 to 1 November 1956. After the integration of the neighbouring Kannada-majority parts of the States of Madras and Hyderabad, he became the first Governor of the reorganized or unified State of Mysore. A special mention must be made of the multi-faceted personality of Jayachamaraja Wodeyar whose extraordinary potential found its expression and consummation in making him an able administrator, diligent diplomat, spirited sportsman, class-composer, philosopher, devotee, scholar, author and with all this a humble human. He was a great soul, having an abiding faith in goodness and humanity.

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